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Building-Site Safety Netting Guidelines

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Table of Contents

 

1. Fall Safety Nets

1.1 General Information

1.1.1 Application Areas and Net Types
1.1.2 Net Classes
1.1.3 Our Safety Nets
1.1.4 Relevant Standards, Rules and Laws
1.1.5 Safety Nets With a Safety Margin

1.2 Installation Instructions for Fall Safety Nets

1.2.1 Required Bracing Forces
1.2.2 Suspension
1.2.3 Fall Height / Minimum Fall Arrest Width
1.2.4 Clearance Underneath The Safety Net
1.2.5 Installing And Dismantling Fall Safety Nets
1.2.6 Labelling
1.2.7 Annual Inspection
1.2.8 Connecting Safety Nets Together
1.2.9 Storage
1.2.10 Replacement State of Wear

2. Guardrail Nets

2.1 General Information

2.1.1 Application Areas and Net Types
2.1.2 Relevant Standards, Rules and Laws

2.2 Installation Instructions for Guardrail Nets

2.2.1 Anchoring Guardrail Nets
2.2.2 Storage
2.2.3 Faulty Nets
2.2.4 Labelling
2.2.5 Annual Inspection

3. Debris Netting

 

 

 

1. Fall Safety Nets


1.1 General Information

 

1.1.1 Application Areas and Net Types

A fall safety net is a horizontally spanned safety net with a border rope pulled through the border meshes. Fall safety nets are deployed to catch persons when it is impossible to directly prevent a fall. The nets are, for example, used to catch persons working under hall roofs and in bridge construction. The precise designation for this type of safety net is: Safety Net, European Standard 1263-1 System S. Irrespective of the minimum breaking force, this category is subdivided again into 4 classes of net, which must fulfil the following requirements:

  • Minimum breaking force of border rope: 30 kN
  • Maximum mesh size: 60 or 100 mm
  • Minimum energy absorption of the 3 x 3 m test net (see table)

 

1.1.2 Net Classes

When in a new condition, a safety net must have a reserve capacity that covers at least one year's ageing. Our fall safety nets have an even greater reserve capacity and therefore offer the greatest possible safety.

Net ClassMaximum
Mesh Size
Min. Fracture
Energy
x Safety Factorx Aging Factor
For 1 Year
= Min. Energy
Absorption
When New
A160 mm2.3 kJx 1.5x 1.2= 4.14 kJ
A2100 mm2.3 kJx 1.5x 1.2= 4.14 kJ
B160 mm4.4 kJx 1.5x 1.2= 7.92 kJ
B2100 mm4.4 kJx 1.5x 1.2= 7.92 kJ

 

1.1.3 Our Safety Nets

NetzklasseMaschenweiteMaterialstärkeEnergieaufnahmeMaschenhöchstzugkraft
A2100 mm5,0 mmca. 4,8 kJca. 3200 N
A160 mm5,0 mmca. 6,1 kJca. 3200 N
B145 mm5,0 mmca. 9,0 kJca. 3200 N

 

1.1.4 Relevant Standards, Rules and Laws

During work involving the risk of falling, the installation of fall protection is legally mandatory. The German Occupational Safety and Healthy Act (ArbSchG) constitutes the legal framework for health and safety at work. This act is, in turn, shaped by accident prevention regulations. The use of safety nets is specified in the German Employers' Liability Insurance Association for the Building Trade (Bau-BG) regulation 179 and the new DGUV safety net information sheet no. 101-011. The product standard for safety nets is the European Standard EN 1263-1.

Only safety nets that conform to this standard are approved products as stipulated by Bau-BG regulation 179 and DGUV 101-011, and thus also approved fall protection equipment as stipulated by the German Occupational Safety and Healthy Act (ArbSchG) and the accident prevention regulations.

 

1.1.5 Safety Nets With a Safety Margin

When testing static energy absorption capacity, a 3 x 3 m test net with a safety factor of 1.5 must cover at least one year's ageing. Our safety nets have an even greater safety margin and therefore offer the greatest possible safety (see table above).

In contrast to catch-rope safety devices, with a net complete freedom of movement is preserved. It functions as a collective protection for all work and transportation processes in the secured area. Due to the net's highly elastic deformation, falling persons are caught more softly than with roping safety equipment.

 

1.2 Installation Instructions for Safety Nets

 

1.2.1 Required Bracing Forces

Building-site nets have to be anchored at stable, load-bearing points. For measuring each suspension point a characteristic load of at least 6 kN with an angle of 45° must be adopted. For measuring building components three characteristic loads of 4 kN, 6 kN and 4 kN at unfavourable points must be considered. The suspension points must not be positioned more than 2.50 m apart.

 

1.2.2 Suspension

The net is mounted using suspension ropes, safety snap hooks, net thimble loops or thimble hooks. The breaking force of the suspension rope must be at least 30 kN in the case of single-strand suspension with suspension ropes, and must accordingly be at least 15 kN in the case of double-strand suspension. You can find further safety guidelines under Bau-BG regulation no. 179.

Safety Net Suspension

 

1.2.3 Fall Height / Minimum Fall Arrest Width

Safety nets must be mounted as close as possible below the workplaces which are to be secured. The fall height (Hi2 = difference between the building edge and the height of landing on the net) must not exceed 6 m. For up to 2 m from the edge of the net (Hi1), the permissible fall height must not exceed 3 m.

Safety Net Minimum Fall Arrest Width

 

1.2.4 Clearance Underneath The Safety Net

Safety nets must be mounted in such a way that when arresting a fall, the person cannot hit any hard objects. The degree of deformation depends on the shortest side of the net and the fall height (see table and illustration). In addition to the deformation, a safety clearance S > 0 must be observed for traffic routes, etc. With appropriate documented evidence of conformity from the manufacturer and a fall height of up to 2 m, nets can also be deployed with a clearance of 3 ‐ 5 m below the building edge.

Fall Height h1 m2 m3 m4 m5 m6 m
Deformation fmax if l = 5 m2.65 m2.85 m2.95 m3.00 m3.05 m3.10 m
Deformation fmax if l = 9 m3.35 m3.55 m3.75 m3.85 m3.95 m4.00 m
Deformation fmax if l = 12 m4.20 m4.40 m4.55 m4.75 m4.90 m5.00 m
l = width of safety net (shortest side)

 

Guidlines for Fall Safety Nets

 

1.2.5 Installing And Dismantling Fall Safety Nets

Only persons who have been instructed by the building contractor can be authorised to install the nets. The persons carrying out the installation work must be given fall protection (safety harness and hoisting platform).

 

1.2.6 Labelling

Every safety net must be clearly labelled, in accordance with the European Standard. The label must carry the following information:

  • Date of manufacture
  • Name of manufacturer
  • Net type and mesh size
  • Precise designation of article (item number)
  • Minimum energy absorption capacity or minimum tensile strength of test mesh, pursuant to ISO 1806
  • Test number of test center which has certified the net.

 

1.2.7 Annual Inspection

On every safety net, test seals bearing the same identity numbers are attached to the safety net label and the test mesh, to make it clear that the safety net and the test mesh belong together. Not later than one year following the date of manufacture, the first test mesh must be sent to an authorised tester (e.g. manufacturer). That tester ascertains whether the net used still has the necessary stability/energy absorption and keeps a written record of the results. If the test result is positive, you receive a new inspection tag bearing the identity number, which you then reattach to the net concerned.

 

1.2.8 Connecting Safety Nets Together

If building-site nets are connected to one another, coupling ropes must be used in such a way that at the attachment point there are no gaps of more than 100 mm and that the safety nets cannot shift in their alignment to one another more than 100 mm. Fall safety nets can also be connected by overlapping them: this overlap must measure at least 2 meters.

 

1.2.9 Storage

Dry storage; never store near a heat source; do not bring into contact with aggressive substances such as acids, lye or the like; do not directly expose to UV radiation.

 

1.2.10 Replacement State of Wear

It is not permitted to continue to use nets in the following cases:

  • Nets which have already caught a person
  • Nets which no longer reach the minimum breaking force (see “Annual test”)
  • Nets which are defective (nets with heavy wear and tear, defective meshes, damage to the border rope or to the thimble loops)

 

 

2. Guardrail Nets


2.1 General Information

 

2.1.1 Application Areas and Intended Purpose

Guardrail nets are mainly deployed for work on roofs. Other application areas are work on platforms or in bridge construction. They serve to directly protect persons from falling. The precise designation for these nets is Guard Net System U (guard net in supporting structure for vertical use). In deploying the nets, the intermediate rail can be dispensed with. They are mounted on roof safety scaffolds or at the working level of facade scaffolding.

 

2.1.2 Relevant Standards, Rules and Laws

The relevant regulations for guardrail nets and nets in roof safety scaffolds are European Standard EN 1263-1 and Bau-BG regulation no. 179. Furthermore, they must display adequate weather-resistance and be resistant to UV radiation. In addition, the mesh size must not exceed a maximum size of 100 millimeters. Our nets fulfil these requirements.

 

2.2 Installation Instructions for Guardrail Nets

 

2.2.1 Anchoring Guardrail Nets

Guardrail nets must be anchored to the scaffolding rail and stretched taut.

Types of Anchoring
Guardrail Nets With Isilink Clips

Installation using Isilink clips:

We recommend installing guardrail nets using Isilink clips (German Federal Utility Model (DBGM)), which are sewn onto the guardrail nets at maximum intervals of 75 cm in accordance with the requirements of Bau-BG safety regulations. All standard sizes are available with clips already sewn on.

Guardrail Nets With Quick-Release Strap Fasteners

Installation using quick-release strap fasteners:

A quick, easy installation method is to anchor the net using quick-release strap fasteners every 75 cm. These are available as accessories at our shop. Some guardrail nets in standard sizes are available with quick-release strap fasteners already sewn on.

Guardrail Nets on Supporting Structure

Mounting the net directly on the supporting structure:

Another option is to mount the net directly on the scaffold tube. Pursuant to Bau-BG safety regulation no. 179, guardrail nets of standard design can be fastened to the supporting structure mesh by mesh.

 

2.2.2 Storage

Dry storage; never store near a heat source; do not bring into contact with aggressive substances such as acids, lye or the like; do not directly expose to UV radiation.

 

2.2.3 Faulty Nets

Faulty nets (damaged meshes, damaged border ropes) or nets which have already caught a person are only permitted to be reused after being tested by the manufacturer or by persons with expert skills and knowledge. Repairs can only be carried out by the same experts.

 

2.2.4 Labelling

Every safety net must be clearly labelled, in accordance with the European Standard. The label must carry the following information:

  • Date of manufacture
  • Name of manufacturer
  • Net type and mesh size
  • Precise designation of article (item number)
  • Minimum energy absorption capacity or minimum tensile strength of test mesh, pursuant to ISO 1806
  • Test number of test center which has certified the net.

 

2.2.5 Annual Inspection

On every safety net, test seals bearing the same identity numbers are attached to the safety net label and the test mesh, to make it clear that the safety net and the test mesh belong together. Not later than one year following the date of manufacture, the first test mesh must be sent to an authorised tester (e.g. manufacturer). That tester ascertains whether the net used still has the necessary stability/energy absorption and keeps a written record of the results. If the test result is positive, you receive a new inspection tag bearing the identity number, which you then reattach to the net concerned.

 

 

3. Debris Netting

Debris nets, often also called scaffolding nets in the trade, provide optimal protection from dust and additional protection from small falling parts. They can be mounted on scaffoldings quickly and easily.

In Berlin, for example, the guideline “Preventing and Reducing Dust Emissions on Building-Sites” requires “protection from harmful environmental influences”. A further requirement is: “precautionary measures to prevent hazards, serious hindrances and serious nuisances”. It is therefore, at all events, sensible to install a combination of guardrail net and dust debris net. Thick dust caused by demolition or other work can be held back by debris netting. Due to their monofilament raschel fabric or polyethylene fabric, they have the optimal material density for reducing the sometimes hazardous emissions of dust to a minimum. At the same time, they are still air permeable enough to prevent the kind of heat that builds up under non-permeable tarpaulins. Due to their material properties, these nets benefit not only passers-by but also the personnel themselves: the danger of falling is minimised, thanks to the windbreak effect of scaffolding nets.

 

 

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